Batthyány Lajosné Zichy Antónia (1816-1888)
Antónia Zichy was the wife of Lajos Batthyány, the Prime Minister of 1848-49 with tragic fate. The couple married in 1834. Antónia (or as the people close to her called her: Tony) was interested in the politics of her husband who played a leading role in representing the opposition. As a dedicated patriot of the era, she expressed her support also in terms of formalities. A woman’s help was extremely important in a world where the political connections were primarily formed at the social gatherings – balls, casino, theatre, receptions – of the magnates, influential politicians. After Lajos Batthyány was sentenced to death in 1849, in order to avoid hanging, an especially humiliating death for a magnate and public figure, his wife smuggled a small dagger into the prison on her last visit with which her husband wounded himself. Because of his wounds, the court changed the verdict to execution by firing squad. Three of the couple’s five children (Emília, Ilona and Elemér) reached adulthood. After the war of independence, the fortune of her husband was confiscated, but the Countess managed to live off the Zichy fortune abroad. She returned home in 1856 and kept the memories of her husband, Hungary’s first Prime Minister alive until the end of her life.
Nyári Krisztián: Batthyány két asszonya, index.hu, 2015. október 6.
Batthyányné – gróf Zichy Antónia, Aradi Vértanúk Emléknapja, http://oktober6.kormany.hu